beginning of content:

AP Statistics introduces students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions from data. According to surveys of comparable curricula at four-year colleges and universities, it is equivalent to a one-semester, non-calculus-based college course in statistics.

### Topics covered on the exam include:

#### Exploring Data: Describing Patterns and Departures from Patterns (20%–30%)

• Constructing and interpreting graphical displays of distributions of univariate data (dotplot, stemplot, histogram, cumulative frequency plot)
• Summarizing distributions of univariate data
• Comparing distributions of univariate data (dotplots, back-to-back stemplots, parallel boxplots)
• Exploring bivariate data
• Exploring categorical data

#### Sampling and Experimentation: Planning and Conducting a Study (10%–15%)

• Overview of methods of data collection
• Planning and conducting surveys
• Planning and conducting experiments
• Generalizability of results and types of conclusions that can be drawn from observational studies, experiments and surveys

#### Anticipating Patterns: Exploring Random Phenomena Using Probability and Simulation (20%–30%)

• Probability
• Combining independent random variables
• The normal distribution
• Sampling distributions

#### Statistical Inference: Estimating Population Parameters and Testing Hypotheses (30%–40%)

• Estimation (point estimators and confidence intervals)
• Tests of significance