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The AP English Language and Composition course enables students to analyze and evaluate complex texts and arguments and to create their own effective arguments. According to surveys of comparable curricula at four-year colleges and universities, it is equivalent to a two-semester introductory college course in rhetoric and composition.

At the conclusion of the course, students should be able to:

  • analyze and interpret samples of good writing, identifying and explaining an author’s use of rhetorical strategies and techniques
  • apply effective strategies and techniques in their own writing
  • create and sustain arguments based on readings, research and/or personal experience
  • write for a variety of purposes
  • produce expository, analytical and argumentative compositions that introduce a complex central idea and develop it with appropriate evidence drawn from primary and/or secondary sources, cogent explanations and clear transitions
  • demonstrate understanding and mastery of standard written English as well as stylistic maturity in their own writings
  • demonstrate understanding of the conventions of citing primary and secondary sources
  • move effectively through the stages of the writing process, with careful attention to inquiry and research, drafting, revising, editing and review
  • write thoughtfully about their own process of composition
  • revise a work to make it suitable for a different audience
  • analyze images as texts

Read the full course description and exam information with sample questions.